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The Bank Secrecy Act (BSA), 31 USC 5311 et seq establishes program, recordkeeping and reporting requirements for national banks, federal savings associations, federal branches and agencies of foreign banks.
The OCC's implementing regulations are found at 12 CFR 21.11 and 12 CFR 21.21. The BSA was amended to incorporate the provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act which requires every bank to adopt a customer identification program as part of its BSA compliance program.
This regulation requires every national bank and savings association to have a written, board approved program that is reasonably designed to assure and monitor compliance with the BSA. The program must, at a minimum:
This regulation requires every national bank to file a Suspicious Activity Report (SAR) when they detect certain known or suspected violations of federal law or suspicious transactions related to a money laundering activity or a violation of the BSA. A SAR filing is required for any potential crimes:
Section 5318A of the Bank Secrecy Act, as added by section 311 of the USA PATRIOT Act, authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to designate a foreign jurisdiction, institution, class of transaction, or type of account as being of "primary money-laundering concern," and to impose one or more of five "special measures."
BSA-related reporting requirements for national banks and savings associations are administered by the US Department of Treasury's Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). Financial institutions must file reports electronically through the BSA E-Filing System.
The following FinCEN publications provide additional guidance and information to bankers:
OCC Frequently Asked Questions for Banks Regarding COVID-19
Bank Secrecy Act/Anti-Money Laundering: Customer Due Diligence and Beneficial Ownership Requirements for Legal Entity Customers Overviews and Examination Procedures
Bank Secrecy Act/Anti-Money Laundering: Revised FFIEC BSA/AML Examination Manual
Treasury publishes National Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Risk Assessments
Learn about other organizations and federal government agency efforts to combat money laundering and terrorist financing