An official website of the United States government
News Release 2009-77
June 30, 2009
Share This Page:
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Office of Thrift Supervision,
WASHINGTON — Delinquencies and foreclosures on first-lien mortgages continued to increase during the first quarter of this year, but loan modifications also increased and the trend continued toward more sustainable modifications with lower monthly payments, according to a report issued today by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) and the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS).
The report, based on data from loan servicing companies that manage 64 percent of all first-lien U.S. mortgages, shows:
The OCC and OTS continue to refine the Mortgage Metrics report each quarter. In previous quarters, the agencies added data on the performance of modified loans, and information on sustainability and changes in payments that result from modifications. This report adds information on the types of actions taken to modify loans. It shows that servicers most often change multiple terms when modifying mortgages to achieve sustainable modifications. Capitalization of delinquent interest, fees, and advances, combined with interest rate reductions and extended maturities, were the predominant combinations during the first quarter. Interest rate and payment freezes, principal reductions, and principal deferrals were less prevalent.
Data also showed a continuing emphasis on preventing avoidable foreclosures to keep families in homes and mitigate losses, as servicers continued to implement more home retention actions (loan modifications and payment plans) than home forfeiture actions (foreclosures, short sales, and deed-in-lieu-of-foreclosure actions). Prime borrowers received about twice as many home retention actions as home forfeiture actions, while subprime borrowers received more than seven times as many.
"While I'm very concerned about the rise in delinquent mortgages and foreclosure actions, the shift in emphasis by servicers to more sustainable, payment-reducing modifications is a positive step that should show significant benefits in the coming months," Comptroller of the Currency John C. Dugan said. "In addition, as the Administration's Making Home Affordable program gains traction and helps offset the impact of this very difficult economic cycle, we should continue to see progress in future reports."
"We continue to drill deeper into the mechanics of foreclosure prevention actions, thereby gaining more insight into what works," said OTS Acting Director John E. Bowman. "This report provides a valuable roadmap for how financial institutions can best ensure that more Americans will stay in their homes." The report covers the performance of 34 million loans totaling more than $6 trillion in principal balances from the beginning of 2008 through the end of the first quarter of 2009. The impact of the increase in modifications, particularly those with reduced monthly payments, will be seen only in future data. Likewise, data presented in this report do not reflect modifications made under the Administration's Making Home Affordable program, which was announced in March and began to be implemented after the reporting period, and changes to the Hope for Homeowners program.