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OCC BULLETIN 2013-35
Subject: Liquidity Coverage Ratio
Date: November 29, 2013
To: Chief Executive Officers of All National Banks and Federal Savings Associations, Federal Branches and Agencies, Department and Division Heads, All Examining Personnel, and Other Interested Parties
Description: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (collectively, the agencies) have issued a notice of proposed rulemaking that would implement a quantitative liquidity requirement consistent with the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) established by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). The proposal would apply to internationally active banking organizations—generally, those with $250 billion or more in total consolidated assets or $10 billion or more in on-balance-sheet foreign exposure; to systemically important nonbank financial institutions; and to any consolidated bank or savings association subsidiary of one of these companies that, at the bank level, has total consolidated assets of $10 billion or more. (The proposal refers to these institutions collectively as "covered companies.") The proposal would not apply to bank holding companies or savings and loan holding companies with substantial insurance operations; to nonbank, systemically important financial institutions with substantial insurance operations; to “bridge banks” that may be utilized in the course of bank resolutions; or to federal branches and agencies. The proposed LCR, which is designed to strengthen the liquidity risk management of banks and savings associations, would require covered companies to maintain a standard level of high-quality liquid assets (HQLA). The comment period for the proposed rule ends January 31, 2014.
Liquidity Coverage Ratio
Transition and Timing
Recognizing the need for banking organizations to improve their liquidity risk management and control their liquidity risk exposures, the BCBS established quantitative standards for liquidity in the Basel III liquidity framework in 20101 and updated the standards in 2013.2 The framework introduced the Basel III LCR, which established the first international quantitative liquidity standard with the primary objective of promoting the short-term resilience of internationally active banking organizations. Beginning in January 2015, under the Basel III LCR, internationally active banking organizations would be required to start holding sufficient HQLA to meet their liquidity needs during a 30-day stress scenario.
Since the financial crisis, the agencies have worked to establish a more rigorous supervisory and regulatory framework for U.S. banking organizations that would incorporate and build on the BCBS liquidity standards. The proposed rule would further enhance current supervisory efforts aimed at identifying, measuring, and managing liquidity risk by implementing a minimum quantitative liquidity requirement in the form of an LCR. The agencies are proposing a minimum LCR that would be consistent with the Basel III LCR, with modifications to reflect characteristics and risks specific to aspects of the U.S. market and the U.S. regulatory framework. The proposed rule is more stringent in several areas than the Basel III LCR, including the range of assets that would qualify as HQLA, the assumed rate of outflows for certain types of funding, and the proposed transition timeline.
Please contact Kerri Corn, Director, Credit and Market Risk Division, (202) 649-6398; Linda M. Jennings, National Bank Examiner, (980) 387-0619; Patrick T. Tierney, Special Counsel, Tiffany Eng, Law Clerk, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division, (202) 649-5490; or Adam S. Trost, Senior Attorney, Securities and Corporate Practices Division, (202) 649-5510 or (202) 649-6360.
Amy S. Friend
1 See “Basel III: International Framework for Liquidity Risk Measurement, Standards and Monitoring” (December 2010), available at http://www.bis.org/publ/bcbs188.pdf.
2 See “Basel III: The Liquidity Coverage Ratio and Liquidity Risk Monitoring Tools” (January 2013), available at http://www.bis.org/publ/bcbs238.pdf.